May 8, 2008

The European Card of Insurance upon illnesses has substituted travel paper E111.

On December, 31st 2005, E111 has stopped to be correct. Since January, 1st 2006, you require the European Card of Insurance upon illnesses (EHIC) to receive public health services which becomes necessary during your visiting of country EEA or Switzerland.

In the majority of the countries round the world you should pay for processing, thus to travellers strictly advise to take out private insurance upon illnesses. The Great Britain has mutual agreements on public health services with some countries which gives the chance to travellers to receive free or cheap extreme care.
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May 8, 2008

The tetanus vaccine protects against a tetanus also known as a tetanus.

It is recommended, that adults have received a booster vaccine each ten years.

The standard care in many hospitals should give a booster to any patient with a wound of a puncture which is doubtful from this when it or it was last inoculated or if for the patient was less than 3 lifelong doses of a vaccine. The booster cannot prevent potentially fatal case of a tetanus from a current wound, as can take about two weeks for tetanus antibodies to be generated.

In children seven are younger, a tetanus vaccine often control as an incorporated vaccine, TDap or DTaP which also switches on vaccines against a diphtheria and pertussis.

For adults and children is higher seven, vaccine Td (a tetanus and a diphtheria) is usually used.


April 30, 2008

What is Shingles?

Shingles (herpes zoster) is an outbreak of rash or blisters on the skin that is caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox – the varicella-zoster virus.

The first sign of shingles is often burning or tingling pain, or sometimes numbness, in or under the skin. You may also feel ill with fever, chills, headache, or upset stomach.

After several days, a rash of small fluid-filled blisters, reminiscent of chickenpox, appears on reddened skin.

The pain associated with shingles can be intense and is often described as “unrelenting.”
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April 30, 2008

Mouth ulcer – an open wound in an oral cavity. Two common types of an ulcer of a mouth – ящурные ulcers (an ulcer wound) and herpes (called by a virus of herpes simple).

Types of oral ulcers are various, with set of the associated reasons, switching on: a physical or chemical trauma, an infection from microorganisms or viruses, medical conditions or medicines, malignant and sometimes indefinite processes. After generated, the ulcer can be supported an inflammation and-or a secondary infection.


The symptoms previous an ulcer, can vary according to the reason of ulcerative process.

A few oral ulcers can start with a sharp venomous or shining sensation on a site of the future ulcer of a mouth. In some days they progress often to generate red maculae or the blow accompanied by an open ulcer. Sometimes it is a beret little bit more longly, depending on the ulcer reason.
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April 30, 2008

What is otitis externa?

Otitis externa (Swimmer’s ear) is an infection of the ear and/or outer ear canal. It can cause the ear to itch or become red and inflamed so that head movement or touching of the ear is very painful. There may also be pus that drains from the ear.

What causes otitis externa?

Otitis externa is often caused by infection with a germ called Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This germ is common in the environment (soil, water) and is microscopic so that it can’t be seen with the naked eye. Although all age groups are affected by Otitis externa, it is more common in children and young adults and can be extremely painful.
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April 30, 2008

The fetid breath also named by an unpleasant smell from a mouth, is typically called by bacteria which grow in your mouth. Bacteriemic putrefication small plays of nutrition has left in your chartreuse structures of release of a mouth which is that does your smell of breath.

Short-term fetid breath can be linked to a tonsillitis, a gastroenteritis, diabetic кетоацидозом, or синусовой an infection.

The chronic unpleasant smell from a mouth can be called weak oral hygiene, an ulitis (an inflammation of gums) and/or a tooth abscess.

How fetid breath can be handled?
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April 22, 2008

A hydrocoele is a collection of fluid around the testicle (testis), in the tunica vaginalis (the space surrounding the testis).

Hydrocoeles only occur in males.

Typically presents as a painless swelling of the scrotum.

Most hydrocoeles are congenital (ie. present at birth) – these are usually seen in boys aged 1-2 years of age. Most congenital hydrocoeles resolve by the end of the first year of life. Persistent congenital hydrocoele is readily corrected surgically.
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April 22, 2008

Yellow fever (so called because one of the early symptoms of infection is jaundice) occurs only in Africa and South America. In South America sporadic infections occur almost exclusively in forestry and agricultural workers from occupational exposure in or near forests.

In Africa the virus is transmitted in three geographic regions:
principally and foremost, in the moist savanna zones of West and Central Africa during the rainy season,
secondly, outbreaks occur occasionally in urban locations and villages in Africa,
and finally, to a lesser extent, in jungle regions.
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April 22, 2008

Motion sickness, a common problem in travellers by automobile, train, air, and particularly sea, usually causes mild to moderate discomfort but in severe cases can be incapacitating.

It affects up to half of children travelling in automobiles or airplanes and almost 100% of boat passengers in very rough seas.

Motion sickness is more common in women, especially during pregnancy or menstruation, children age 2-12, and in persons who have migraine headaches, but little is known about individual susceptibility.

Symptoms of motion sickness

Sensation of head position and movement is generated in the semicircular canals (angular acceleration or rotation) and otolith organs (vertical acceleration) in the inner ears and carried to the central nervous system via cranial nerve VIII.
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April 22, 2008

Chemoprophylaxis is the strategy that uses medications before, during, and after the exposure period to prevent the disease caused by malaria parasites. The aim of prophylaxis is to prevent or suppress symptoms caused by blood-stage parasites.

In addition, presumptive anti-relapse therapy (also known as terminal prophylaxis) uses medications towards the end of the exposure period (or immediately thereafter) to prevent relapses or delayed-onset clinical presentations of malaria caused by hypnozoites (dormant liver stages) of P. vivax or P. ovale.
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