Archive for April, 2008

SHINGLES (HERPES ZOSTER)

April 30, 2008

What is Shingles?

Shingles (herpes zoster) is an outbreak of rash or blisters on the skin that is caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox – the varicella-zoster virus.

The first sign of shingles is often burning or tingling pain, or sometimes numbness, in or under the skin. You may also feel ill with fever, chills, headache, or upset stomach.

After several days, a rash of small fluid-filled blisters, reminiscent of chickenpox, appears on reddened skin.

The pain associated with shingles can be intense and is often described as “unrelenting.”
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MOUTH ULCERS

April 30, 2008

Mouth ulcer – an open wound in an oral cavity. Two common types of an ulcer of a mouth – ящурные ulcers (an ulcer wound) and herpes (called by a virus of herpes simple).

Types of oral ulcers are various, with set of the associated reasons, switching on: a physical or chemical trauma, an infection from microorganisms or viruses, medical conditions or medicines, malignant and sometimes indefinite processes. After generated, the ulcer can be supported an inflammation and-or a secondary infection.

Symptoms

The symptoms previous an ulcer, can vary according to the reason of ulcerative process.

A few oral ulcers can start with a sharp venomous or shining sensation on a site of the future ulcer of a mouth. In some days they progress often to generate red maculae or the blow accompanied by an open ulcer. Sometimes it is a beret little bit more longly, depending on the ulcer reason.
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OTITIS EXTERNA

April 30, 2008

What is otitis externa?

Otitis externa (Swimmer’s ear) is an infection of the ear and/or outer ear canal. It can cause the ear to itch or become red and inflamed so that head movement or touching of the ear is very painful. There may also be pus that drains from the ear.

What causes otitis externa?

Otitis externa is often caused by infection with a germ called Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This germ is common in the environment (soil, water) and is microscopic so that it can’t be seen with the naked eye. Although all age groups are affected by Otitis externa, it is more common in children and young adults and can be extremely painful.
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BAD BREATH

April 30, 2008

The fetid breath also named by an unpleasant smell from a mouth, is typically called by bacteria which grow in your mouth. Bacteriemic putrefication small plays of nutrition has left in your chartreuse structures of release of a mouth which is that does your smell of breath.

Short-term fetid breath can be linked to a tonsillitis, a gastroenteritis, diabetic кетоацидозом, or синусовой an infection.

The chronic unpleasant smell from a mouth can be called weak oral hygiene, an ulitis (an inflammation of gums) and/or a tooth abscess.

How fetid breath can be handled?
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HYDROCOELE

April 22, 2008

A hydrocoele is a collection of fluid around the testicle (testis), in the tunica vaginalis (the space surrounding the testis).

Hydrocoeles only occur in males.

Typically presents as a painless swelling of the scrotum.

Most hydrocoeles are congenital (ie. present at birth) – these are usually seen in boys aged 1-2 years of age. Most congenital hydrocoeles resolve by the end of the first year of life. Persistent congenital hydrocoele is readily corrected surgically.
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YELLOW FEVER

April 22, 2008

Yellow fever (so called because one of the early symptoms of infection is jaundice) occurs only in Africa and South America. In South America sporadic infections occur almost exclusively in forestry and agricultural workers from occupational exposure in or near forests.

In Africa the virus is transmitted in three geographic regions:
principally and foremost, in the moist savanna zones of West and Central Africa during the rainy season,
secondly, outbreaks occur occasionally in urban locations and villages in Africa,
and finally, to a lesser extent, in jungle regions.
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MOTION SICKNESS

April 22, 2008

Motion sickness, a common problem in travellers by automobile, train, air, and particularly sea, usually causes mild to moderate discomfort but in severe cases can be incapacitating.

It affects up to half of children travelling in automobiles or airplanes and almost 100% of boat passengers in very rough seas.

Motion sickness is more common in women, especially during pregnancy or menstruation, children age 2-12, and in persons who have migraine headaches, but little is known about individual susceptibility.

Symptoms of motion sickness

Sensation of head position and movement is generated in the semicircular canals (angular acceleration or rotation) and otolith organs (vertical acceleration) in the inner ears and carried to the central nervous system via cranial nerve VIII.
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ANTIMALARIALS

April 22, 2008

Chemoprophylaxis is the strategy that uses medications before, during, and after the exposure period to prevent the disease caused by malaria parasites. The aim of prophylaxis is to prevent or suppress symptoms caused by blood-stage parasites.

In addition, presumptive anti-relapse therapy (also known as terminal prophylaxis) uses medications towards the end of the exposure period (or immediately thereafter) to prevent relapses or delayed-onset clinical presentations of malaria caused by hypnozoites (dormant liver stages) of P. vivax or P. ovale.
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Barch named new director of Conte Center

April 22, 2008

The Silvio Conte Center for Neuroscience Research at Washington University in St. Louis has a new director. Deanna M. Barch, Ph.D., associate professor of psychology in Arts & Sciences, of psychiatry and of radiology, takes over leadership of the center from John G. Csernansky, M.D., the former Gregory B. Couch Professor of Psychiatry, who has become the chairman of psychiatry at Northwestern University.
Barch

Barch has been a close collaborator of Csernansky’s throughout the history of the Conte Center, which was established in 2001. It is one of a handful of such centers around the country created to honor former Massachusetts congressman Silvio O. Conte, a longtime advocate for scientific research. Prior to his death from cancer in 1991, Conte had sponsored the Congressional resolution that designated the 1990s as the “Decade of the Brain.”
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